Conflit sur la terre : affrontement meurtier au Nigeria – octobre 2010

Curfew in Nigeria after killing of 13 people in riots


Abuja, Oct 26 (PTI) A dusk to dawn curfew has been imposed in south-eastern Nigeria where two days of fighting between Nsadop and Boje communities over land dispute led to the death of 13 people.

Churches and residential houses in Nigeria »s Cross River state were also burnt, forcing the deployment of armed policemen and soldiers to subdue the hostility.

Police spokesman for Cross River State, Etim Dickson, said the fighting commenced on Sunday and continued yesterday.

Authorities have recovered 13 burnt corpses after unrest linked to a land dispute in southeastern Nigeria that also led to the burning of dozens of houses and churches.

« Security men have restored peace to the area, » Dickson told PTI on phone.

Cross River state is located in the Niger Delta, the country »s main oil-producing region.

Communal fighting over land was predominant in the south-eastern part of the oil rich African country more than two decades ago.

They »re often settled through a peace meeting between the feuding villages.

The most recent was a fratricidal war between the Aguleri/Umuleri and Umuoba Anam communities that claimed several lives in Anambra State between 1995 to 1999.

Land dispute develops among the communities occupying the equatorial rain forests because they are predominantly farmers.

Similar fighting often break out in the northern region where the population is mostly pastoral because of grazing ground for cattle.

Nigeria, Africa »s most populous nation, has been hit by unrelated unrest in a number of areas this year, including clashes between Christians and Muslims in the country »s central region.

Nigeria curfew after deadly village clashes

26 October 2010

A curfew has been imposed on two rural villages in Nigeria’s Cross River state after deadly weekend clashes.

At least 30 people are reported to have been killed in violence between members of the Boje and Nsadop communities.

Youths armed with machetes, guns and explosives attacked rival villages, killing on sight and burning houses.

The clashes are believed to have been sparked by a lingering land dispute, but some residents told the BBC the violence may be politically motivated.

They said some local politicians were engaged in a power struggle ahead of next year’s elections.

Villagers fled

The BBC’s Fidelis Mbah in the region says three soldiers deployed to maintain peace in the area were among those killed.

Residents of both villages have fled, fearing for their lives, he reports.

More soldiers and anti-riot policemen have arrived to step up patrols.

Cross River state government spokesman Patrick Ugbe said some badly burnt corpses had been recovered in the aftermath of the fighting.

« About 90% of the houses in Nsadop were burnt down, » he told the AFP news agency.

According to the authorities, a curfew has been imposed from 1800 local time to 0600 in the morning.

The villages are in the oil-rich Niger Delta region, which is notorious for its armed gangs.

Most of these so-called oil militants have now agreed to disarm as part of a government amnesty.

Niger Delta politicians originally created the gangs by arming young men to use as their private armies and to rig elections.


~ par Alain Bertho sur 27 octobre 2010.

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