Emeute étudiante à Makassar en Indonésie – mars 2010

Cops busted over violence by students in Makassar

The Jakarta Post

Sat, 03/06/2010

Students resumed clashes against police and fed-up residents in Makassar, South Sulawesi, on Friday, in a continuation of the violence sparked Wednesday by an attack on a student office.

The violence began Thursday, stemming from an attack Wednesday night on the Islamic Students Association’s (HMI) secretariat and the subsequent assault of HMI students at a local police station.

In Jakarta, fellow HMI members similarly clashed with police during a protest in Cikini on Friday.

Four police officers were arrested for their alleged involvement in the office attack and the assault in Makassar.

« Of the four, two have already been named suspects and two are being treated as witnesses, » said Makassar Police chief Sr. Comr. Gatta Khaerudin.

One of the two suspects is Adj. Insp. Sutriman, a member of the Detachment 88 counterterrorism squad, who was allegedly involved in the attack on the HMI office.

The other suspect is First Brig. Sardi, a local officer believed to be responsible for assaulting students who came to the police station to report the alleged attack by Sutriman.

The witnesses were named as Adj. Comr. Elyasar and Adj. First Insp. Kanafi.

Gatta said the police had also identified the 17 students believed to have attacked the Ujungpandang Police station on Thursday, but had not called them in for questioning.

Kama Cappi, a student arrested by Sutriman and over whom the furor broke out, has likewise not been questioned.

« We’re still investigating, » Gatta said. « We’ll call them in later. »

Friday’s clash began when students from Makassar State University staged a protest in front of their campus to condemn the attack against the HMI secretariat and the assault of their colleagues.

The protest turned violent when the students vandalized a police car. Local residents soon joined the fray, hurling rocks at the students.

Police then fired tear gas to force the students back into the campus, but the calm was short-lived.

Students and residents continued pelting each other with rocks, even as South Sulawesi Police chief Insp. Gen. Adang Rochjana was negotiating with the university rector and students inside the campus.

Police then managed to disperse the residents but the violence flared up again after three students were arrested.

The clash, which lasted several hours and spread to other universities and parts of the city, only ended when the three students were released. The protest left some of the university’s windows shattered and prevented pedestrians from using the adjacent main thoroughfare for hours.

In the negotiations mediated by Makassar Mayor Ilham Arief, the students, police and residents agreed not to « rile each other up », provincial police chief Adang said.

He added it was likely that certain individuals had incited the violence, citing the residents’ seemingly concerted attack on the students. « We’ll look into why the residents reacted the way they did, » he said.

« They gathered so fast, like it was organized. »

Mayor Ilham also raised the point, saying, « Students and residents used to be good to each other, and the same with the police. But in the last two days, things changed and residents clashed with students. What happened? »

Friday’s clash came on the heels of similar scenes of violence Wednesday and Thursday, when protests held in response to a parliamentary resolution on a controversial bank bailout turned ugly, with students blockading streets and vandalizing traffic lights and buildings.

Police Head Apologizes For Student Clashes in Makassar


March 05, 2010

As students continued to clash with police in Makassar on Friday after four officers were arrested the day before for attacking students, National Police Chief Gen. Bambang Hendarso Danuri delivered an apology in Jakarta for any possible wrongdoing by his staff in the South Sulawesi capital.

“If mistakes are made by my members in the field, I apologize,” he said. “But for sure, there is no effort from police to pit people against our university friends from the HMI [Islamic Students Association]. There was only miscommunication.”

The unrest began on Wednesday as protests over the Bank Century scandal escalated. Students squared off with police amid accusations that police officers attacked the HMI’s secretariat building on Wednesday night. Five students were reportedly injured.

Hundreds of students, citizens and police clashed again on Thursday and Friday.

Bambang said police have taken steps to resolve the conflict. “We’ve coordinate well with the leaders of HMI,” he said. “If there is any violation by police against our friends from HMI, we will sanction the officer if he is proven to be guilty. We also have asked our friends from the HMI to support police in all areas.”

“The problem was solved” on Thursday, he said, calling for calm. “Parties should not create any more problems.”

South Sulawesi Police spokesman Adj. Chief Comr. Heri Subiansauri told the Jakarta Globe on Friday that four officers were arrested the day before. “They are now being questioned,” he said.

“Last night we talked with the HMI and other students from Makassar State University. We told them that we are going to investigate the case and they agreed to stop the demonstrations.” However, he said some students would likely remain dissatisfied with the agreement.

“We suspect there are students who will provoke demonstrations,” he said. “We suspect [Friday’s] demonstration had been planned since last night.”

The protest blocked major thoroughfares in the city. Two cars, including one police vehicle and some motorcycles were damaged by students and residents. Provincial police deployed about 500 personnel to secure the area and prevent escalation.

South Sulawesi Police Chief Insp. Gen. Adang Rochjana and Makassar Police Chief Gatta Chairuddin took to the streets to calm demonstrators, but they were pelted with rocks.

“People were throwing stones at them, but they are fine,” he said.

The police were armed with shields, batons, tear gas and a water cannon.

“We have enough evidence to investigate the case and have several names with us,” Heri said.

The student antigovernment demonstrations began in a number of universities in Makassar on Wednesday with students also damaging and blocking public roads.

Students from Alauddin State Islamic University even threw rocks at the local police headquarters and damaged motorcycles parked in front of the building. They also blocked Jalan Alauddin, a main traffic artery.

Violent rallies continue as students clash with police

The Jakarta Post

Fri, 03/05/2010

Hundreds of students from several campuses clashed with police in Makassar on Wednesday and Thursday, leaving three police posts and the student organization’s secretariat office damaged.

A clash also flared up between students and local residents in which either side hurled rocks at each other.

Thursday’s clash was a follow-up of Wednesday, when rallies held in the wake of the plenary session by the House of Representatives in Jakarta, turned violent with students blockading the streets and pelting stones, damaging traffic lights and government offices.

Wednesday’s riot left a police officer injured. In retaliation, several members of the 88 Special Detachment raided   the  secretariat’s office of  the Association of Islamic Students (HMI).

That evening, the South Sulawesi Police office and the HMI officials came to a compromise that the clashes were not institutional but personal.

While deploring the anarchist actions by the students, police chief Insp. Gen. Adang Rochjana expressed his concern over the assault on the HMI office and extended an apology.

However, not all students accepted the compromise, which led to Thursday’s flare-up of violent protests.

The students attacked the police posts with logs and stones. The mob also vented their anger by vandalizing billboards and traffic light. Traffic was redirected as the roads became strewn with rocks.

The students barricaded the main street by holding up two trucks, which cut access from
the city to the southern part of the province, and laid waste to a nearby police post that was unattended.

At one point, hundreds of local residents decided to take the law into their own hands and chase the students away. When the students regrouped and fought back, the local residents were themselves chased from the area.

The clashes took place in front of the campuses of the State Islamic University (UIN) Alauddin Hasanuddin University and University of Muslim Indonesia.

Anti-terror police were deployed to disperse the students, they fired tear gas to little effect as protesters continued to launch hit-and-run attacks on the police.

The police finally herded the students onto the university’s campus.

The students suspected police of provoking residents into clashing and playing part in event assaulting the police posts.

Police chief Adang promised stern action against those responsible for the commotion.

“I will act on whoever involved in anarchism from Wednesday and Thursday…be they students or police personnel,” he said.

Student Rally Turns Violent in Makassar


March 04, 2010

Student demonstrations were still ongoing at a number of universities in Makassar, South Sulawesi, on Thursday, with students also damaging and blocking public roads.

Students from Alauddin State Islamic University even threw rocks at the local police headquarters and damaged motorcycles parked in front of the building. They also blocked Jalan Alauddin.

At 3 p.m. students and police were face-to-face with only 100 meters distance between them. Hundreds of students armed with rocks and wooden sticks were on standby in front of the campus while the police were on the intersection between Jalan Alaudin and Jalan AP Pettarani. The police were armed with shields, batons, tear gas and a water cannon.

Meanwhile, another group of students conducted a raid and blocked the road at the Islamic Students Association (HMI) headquarters in Botolempangan, Makassar. They threw rocks at police officers and burned tires on the street. The students’ riot was related to police raid on the HMI’s headquarter on Wednesday night. Ten people who were alleged to be members of the Detachment 88 counterterror squad arrived at the headquarters. Confrontation broke and five students were injured.

Metro TV reported that Detachment 88 said they were looking for an activist who was suspected to be the provocateur of the clashes.

Makassar students attack traffic police post

The Jakarta Post

Thu, 03/04/2010

Around 50 students from the State Islamic University in Makassar attacked a traffic police post located 200 meters from their campus on Jl. Alaudin Thursday morning.

Armed with bamboo poles and stones the students smashed traffic signs, tore down banners and demolished the police unit’s office board as they vented their anger against the police. The students also seized several police caps during the random attack.

One of the students, Alumnus Zainuddin, said the raid was retaliation for an act of violence perpetrated by plain-clothed police officers, who he said had ransacked the office of the Islamic Students Association (HMI) Tuesday night and assaulted some of its activists.

“There is no use seeking legal measures against the officers as they, the law enforcers, have broken the law,” said Alumnus, who also chairs the Gowa Raya branch of the HMI. He was not certain, however, if any of the traffic police officers were involved in Tuesday’s raid on the student group’s office as the traffic police office was empty when the retaliatory attack took place.


Makassar est une ville d’Indonésie et la capitale de la province de Sulawesi du Sud. Elle est située dans le sud de l’île de Sulawesi (Célèbes)

~ par Alain Bertho sur 10 mars 2010.

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