Tibet : le récit de Tsering Woeser

A Record of the Tibetan Unrest: March 10—March 25

Saturday, March 29, 2008 19:23

By Tsering Woeser

Tsering Woeser is the foremost Tibetan writer in Tibet or China today. She published these entries in her blog to record the incident in Tibet. She has been been under house arrest in Beijing since March 10.

Woeser’s Blog : 看不见的西藏~唯色博客

Tibetan writer Tsering Woeser has been reporting daily on the developments in Tibet in her blog. Following are an insider’s on-the-spot views of the unrest in Tibet.

March 10, 2008

At the Drepung monastery, in Lhasa, Tibet, 500 monks held a peaceful protest, but were beaten and tear-gassed by the local military and police. More than ten monks were arrested. The monastery was surrounded, the water supply was shut off, and all restaurants in the area were closed down—leaving the monks to struggle for their survival.

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This photo was taken prior to the communist armed forces opening fire on protesters in Lhasa on March 14. (Han Xinxin/The Epoch Times)

There were 14 Sera monastery monks at Jokhang main temple holding Tibetan flags in protest. They were beaten and arrested by local police. Many local Tibetans implored the police to stop, but three of them were arrested for doing so.

In Amdo, Tibet (Tibetan autonomous prefecture of Qinghai province), monks from Decha temple, Hualong County held a peaceful march. This was broken up by local military police.

In Amdo, Tibet (Tibetan autonomous prefecture of Qinghai province), monks from the Lucang temple of Guinan County held a peaceful march, which was also broken up by local military police.

March 11, 2008

600 monks from the Sera monastery in Lhasa, Tibet went on a peaceful march, but they were beaten and tear-gassed by police. Some monks were arrested. Using their previous tactics, police lay siege to the monastery, shutting off the water supply, and closing all restaurants in the area. Many Tibetans went to the monastery to beg the armed police to stop mistreating the monks.

March 12, 2008

Two monks from Drepung monastery, Lhasa, Tibet cut their wrists. Some monks from Sera monastery went on a hunger strike in protest

Many workplaces in Lhasa, Tibet convened emergency information meetings in regards to the incidents on March 10, and 11. Directors from each workplace reported about the incidents to their respective staff. Some directors briefly announced that several hundred monks from Drepung monastery collectively marched for Lhasa, but were stopped by police on the outskirts of Lhasa. They also announced that several hundred monks from the Sera monastery went to demonstrate in Lhasa. Some directors said that there were incidents concerning monasteries in other regions.

However, the events were concentrated in the Lhasa region. Some government officials revealed that the police and protesters had altercations. While many workplaces reported on the situation, they emphasized to their staff and family members to not talk about sensitive issues, gossip or speculate. Some directors emphasized the seriousness of the situation by describing this as « a direct challenge to the long term stability of Tibet, » and « the above events have the tendency to spread to other areas. »

March 13, 2008

Hundreds of Buddhist monks from Ganden Monastery together with over 150 nuns from Qusang Temple, were preparing to stage a peaceful petition in Lhasa and were stopped by the police and the military. The famous « Great Three » (Drepung monastery, Ganden Monastery, and Sera monastery) as well as other monasteries were also closed by the authorities.

March 14, 2008

In the morning, nearly one hundred monks from Ramoche Temple marched in demonstration against the suppression of the Drepung and Sera Monasteries, which had occurred over the past few days. They were blocked and beaten by the police, which infuriated Tibetan civilians.

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Policemen cordon off demonstrators in Amdo Labrang, Sangchu County, Gansu Province Northeastern Tibet on March 14. (Phayul.com)

Shortly thereafter, a large scale protest, by tens of thousands of people, broke out, leading to some serious confrontations between protestors and authorities. A large number of troops entered downtown Lhasa. Military vehicles and armored vehicles were deployed everywhere in the city and teargas and bullets were fired into crowds of protesters. Blockades were set up around some areas of the city, such as Gamakusang residential area, the old city area.

Large scale arrests and killing of protesters were carried out, and a curfew was enforced that night. This had been the largest scale Tibetan protest since 1989. The Chinese authorities claimed 13 people were killed; however the Tibetan Government in Exile alleges that, according to its sources, nearly 100 Tibetan people were killed. It was reported that starting March 14, a ban on firing weapons had been lifted, freeing the police and the military to shoot protesters at will.

At the Labrang Monastery in Amdo (Xiahe County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu Province), after Labrang Monastery’s Buddhist services were held, around 2 p.m. nearly 400 monks and civilians raised numerous Tibetan national flags and shouted « Independence of Tibet », « Long live the Dalai Lama, » « Give back religious freedom, » and other slogans along the People’s Street. They staged a peaceful demonstration in front of the CCP county committee, the county government and the police bureau until the evening when the crowd was dispersed by the police and military forces.

March 15, 2008

Lhasa was controlled by the army, who conducted a full scale search of the city. It has been reported that at least 600 people were arrested. Lhasa was put under Martial law and the curfew continued. Numerous police and military forces were kept on high alert. Authorities released an « announcement » on its government website, warning protesters of a « deadline to surrender, » set for midnight on March 17 (Monday).

 

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Chinese soldiers march towards demonstrators in Amdo Labrang, March 14.

In some neighboring counties of Lhasa, such as Darze, Qushui, Lin Zhou, and Mozhugongka, demonstrations and protests also occurred.

At the Labrang Monastery in Amdo (Xiahe County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province), monks and people staged a large scale street protest and confronted the local police and armed police in fierce conflicts. Later on, the authorities sent tanks and armored vehicles to open fire on the protesters. Many people were killed and nearly 20 people were arrested.

That night, monks from major monasteries in Amdo (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, capital of Gansu Province) staged a protest and were besieged by the police and military. The protesters around DongYi road in Hezuo city were also dispersed by the military and the police. Tibetan students of Hezuo Ethnic Teachers College held a peaceful protest, and an angry conflict between the protesters and the CCP secretary of the college broke out.

In Luqu county of Amdo (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture capital of Gansu Province), a large-scale demonstration occurred at Langmu Temple and was dispersed by the police and the military.

In Dawu county of Kham (Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture), hundreds of monks and civilians marched and distributed leaflets, and were dispersed by the police and the military.

March 16, 2008

The authorities continued to crack down on protests in Lhasa. Sources confirmed that around 300 people were arrested. At noon over 40 captured Tibetans were paraded through the streets of Lhasa by the police and military. In two military vehicles these young men and women were forced to bow their heads with both hands lashed. An armed guard escorted each detained

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Lhundup Tso, 16 year-old-girl and a student of Ngaba County Tibetan School, were killed on March 16 by Chinese forces Tibetan.

About 30-40 protesters were arrested in Dazi County nearby Lhasa; the demonstration by monks from Mezhugongka County was put down by police. Some monks were arrested while others took refuge in other villages.

Some demonstrations occurred in the town of Naque, seat of Naque district in Shannan Songyishi neighborhood.

Monks in the main temple of the Panchen Lama, Tashilhunpo temple presented a protest too. Monks from other places in Rekeze region lodged a protest together with the common people.

In the morning the armed police quelled a protest in Aba County in Amdo (Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of in Sichuan province). It was said that over 30 protesters including monks, students, and herdsmen were shot to death by police. Among them was one pregnant woman, a five-year-old child and Lhundup Tso, a young girl who was a student at Zangwen middle school.

At around 4:00am, the authorities took away Tibetan intellectual Jueledawa, a teacher. At present nobody knows where he is. The Armed police surrounded the county town. In total 18 bodies were sent to Gede temple for celestial burial and other bodies were sent to other temples. Many people were missing.

In Amdo, the authorities dispatched hundreds more soldiers to Hongyuan county (Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture). It is not clear how many protesters were killed and wounded at a demonstration, which occurred here at the Langmu temple.

In Amdo, the protest at the Longmu Temple, military police fired at protestors. It is not clear the number of wounded and deaths.

In the afternoon the police dispersed the demonstration by monks and civilians in Gonghe County in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Hainan of Qinghai province.

Some 300 monks held a protest in Dashilongwu temple in Tongreng County in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Huangnan in Qinghai province. Several thousand armed police besieged the demonstrations. Then over ten army vehicles and armored vehicles went on patrol.

Lajia temple in Maqing County in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Luozangze in Qinghai Province held a peaceful protest.

In the afternoon, in Kham, when several temples were preparing for protests in Kangluhe County in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Garze, the authorities sent cadres to threaten the protesters. More armed police were then hurried there.

In the afternoon an unprecedented demonstration happened in Maque County. Led by local monks, some 1000 people, from the Tibetan middle school and primary school, took to the streets to protest. Many non-Tibetan shops were destroyed, 16 automobiles were burned and some township government buildings were damaged during the conflict.

The armed police fired at protestors and unknown numbers of people were wounded or arrested. At night on the 17th, the authorities proclaimed martial law and ordered that each department to be on duty around the clock. No officers would leave their post without notice.

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Police attack demonstrating monks in Amdo Labrang

Protests happened in Luque County in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gannan. People in capital city of the prefecture staged demonstrations. One store owned by Muslims was burned down. Many temples including Zhuoni and Qiagai, held protests but no clashes occurred.

At night in Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu province, about 500 Tibetan students in the Tibet Language Department of Northwest Nationalities University staged a sit-in protest in the playground to share sorrows with other Tibetans in Lhasa. They put up posters describing the situation in Lhasa. The sit-in started at 4:00 pm. Some Tibetan professors, the Dean and Tibetan teachers tried to persuade the students at the sit-in to depart. But the students stayed through the night. Afterwards seven students still persisted with the sit-in.

To prevent Tibetan students from holding protests, a large number of military policemen patrolled the campus at the Southwest Nationalities University in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province. Wuhou ancestral temple and all Tibetan inhabitants in Chengdu were under close surveillance.

Demonstrations happened in Tibetan colleges; including Hezuo Normal Training College, Qinghai Normal School and other schools in Ganze Prefecture and Aba Prefecture in Sichuan province.

March 17, 2008

Within the regions besieged by the army inside Lhasa, the authority started to search every household. It remained to be seen as to how many people were arrested. At every crossroad, soldiers were inspecting passers-by. All Tibetans who didn’t have an ID or who were unable verify their identities were arrested.

Twelve monks from Dingguo Temple at Deqing Village, Duilongdeqing County were arrested when they joined the protest parade on March17. Five of them have been identified. They are Gamadawa, Gesangbazhu, Awangyingni, Awangtaqu and Jinmei.

Eight monks from Kangma Temple in Dangxiong County were arrested as well.

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Monks (faces obscured to prevent retaliation) from the Rebkong Monastery in Gardze Town, Qinghai, demonstrate for an end to the repression, March 17

Nuns from Mami Temple in Aba County (Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Sichuan Province) organized a parade in the morning. They held the photos of the Dalai Lama and yelled « peace » as they moved along.

Temples in Gonghe County in Amto (Tibetan Autonomous Regions of Qinghai Province) staged protests in the morning as well.

All monks in Longwu Temple in Amto (Tongren County, Huangnan Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province) held a Tibetan prayer ceremony at the western foothill entrance in the morning. Together they sang, worshiping and praying to the Dalai Lama. Military police arrived to drive them away.

The monks planned to go to downtown to stage a protest parade after the prayer ceremony. Local civilians cried and plead to them not to go, because the whole city was heavily guarded by the military police. Finally, all monks raised several demands to the government with Xiaricang, a living Buddha from the temple as their representative. These demands were: military police must not patrol around the temple; remove all surveillance cameras from inside the temple; government must not forbid any Buddhist activities such as Tibetan prayer ceremonies without a sound reason. Local authorities assented to all of them. However, on the same day in the afternoon, local officials dispatched teams to Tibetan’s residences and threatened them to sign the « guarantee statement » which requires them to promise not to join any parade. On the next day, the military police force originally stationed in Xining City arrived in the county.

Tibetan students at the Hezuo City Nursing School in Amto held a parade in the city. Tibetan students from Hezuo City Normal Schools and the local high school Tibetan students attempted to join the parade, but school authorities stopped them from going. In this region, Tibetans from four villages held a parade to protest the suppression.

Five hundred people, including monks and civilians, at Luqu County held a peaceful parade to protest the suppression.

Monks at Taxiu Temple of Guinan County (Tibetan Autonomous Region in Qinghai Province) held a peaceful parade. Police blocked them on their way to the central district of the county; they were forced to go back to the temple.

Monks at Dalong Temple in Jiuzhi County (Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province) held a peaceful parade to protest. There were around 1,000 participants. National flags of China were taken down; Flags of Tibet were hoisted instead.

More than 200 monks at Longgai Temple of Jiuzhi County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province) held a peaceful parade to protest.

Hundreds of herdsmen at Jiuzhi County staged a protest. Some of the retail stores and police cars were destroyed. After lamas from the local temple persuaded them not to resort to violence, they stopped. Authorities dispatched military police who arrived at Jiuzhi County on the same day in the evening and imposed a curfew.

At 7 p.m., nearly 300 people in Mentang Township in Jiuzhi County held a peaceful parade and hoisted the Flag of Tibet.

Residents at Zhuoni County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Gansu Province) started to revolt. High school students smashed store and restaurant windows. They were later chased away by military police. Later, over 40 military police cars drove into Zhuoni County to guard against people moving through the streets. Outgoing traffic to the capital of the autonomous region was blocked.

Residents at Diebu County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Gansu Province) also held a parade to resist the violent suppression.

The Central University of Nationalities in Beijing is the top school for the education of minority students. More than 100 Tibetan students staged a sit-in on campus for several hours. This was the very first time that supporters of suppressed Tibetans were found in Beijing. According to witnesses, students who participated in the sit-in didn’t say a word; tears fell down silently.

Teachers tried to persuade them to stop. Police were also present. Police cars were parked outside the campus. Although there was no conflict between the police and protesting students, the Department of Police has started to investigate who was the « chief plotter. » The sit-in lasted four and a half hours from 7 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. It was also heard that actually over 300 graduate and undergraduate students joined the sit-in.

Tibetan students at Southwest University for Nationalities in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province also staged a sit-in on campus.

Tibetans in Hongyuan County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Sichuan Province) organized protest activities. High school students went off campus to hold a parade. Police and teachers stopped them. Several leading students were arrested. They were later released after other students protested by sitting-in. One student was shot in the foot; and another student was stabbed with a knife. They are both receiving medical treatment in a hospital.

Tibetans at Seda County in Kham (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture inside Sichuan Province) held a parade to protest.

March 18, 2008

Communist authorities continued making large scale arrests. The number of arrested remains unknown. Soldiers were guarding every crossroad. Tibetans wearing Tibetan traditional costumes received special attention. Many soldiers broke into residential districts to arrest people. They beat those who were arrested with clubs and batons, and scattered on-lookers with teargas. In Xuexin Village alone, three people were taken away within half an hour between 4:00 p.m. and 4:30 p.m. One of them was around 50 years old and dressed decently; he looked like a local Tibetan official. He was bound and beaten, but he held his head high without any fear. The other two were young men.

At 10:30 a.m., nearly 200 Tibetan students at the Minority Normal College of Qinghai Normal University staged a sit-in on the playground on campus; their slogan was « condolence. » Many teachers came to persuade them to stop. The sit-in ended at 2:30 p.m.

Monks at Datang Temple in Amto (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province) held a peaceful parade to protest. Students and civilians kept joining them. The number of participants reached several thousand. They insisted on non-violent resistance by means of a peaceful parade.

In Guoluo District (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province), large-scale protests broke out. Many townships took down the national flags of China and raised Buddhist flags. Local military police suppressed the protestors and the conflicts became acute. Some Tibetans were shot. The number of casualties remains unknown. Most of the injured and killed were ordinary civilians.

According to witnesses, hundreds of military trucks drove into Hezuo City (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Gansu Province) in the afternoon. The Normal College, Tibetan high schools and Tibetan elementary schools have dismissed all the students and asked them to go home. They will need to wait to see when the schools resume classes.

All students at schools in Maqu County are restricted inside the school. Public notice was issued to require Tibetan Cadres to maintain social order on the streets. Those who do not obey will be punished.

At 4:30 p.m., over 300 Tibetans at Litang County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Sichuan Province) held a parade to protest. Some of them were arrested.

Monks and civilians at Ganzi County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Sichuan Province) held a parade. Herdsmen from Luhuo County came to join them. According to related reports, at least one of the leaders was shot to death by military police; another nine people were shot. It remains unknown whether they are still alive. A great number of flyers were distributed in Huolu region.

In the evening, thousands of monks and civilians in Seda County (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Sichuan Province) held a parade to protest. Local military police scattered them.

In addition, in Jiazha County Minority High school (a Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province), the only local high school teaching the Tibetan language, every classroom had paper banners that read « Free Tibet, » « Long Live the Dalai Lama. » The national flag of China was taken down, and the Flag of Tibet was hoisted. Military policemen were all over the central regions of the county. Lamas were forbidden to leave their respective temples.

Universities in Beijing required minority students to fill out forms and answer the following questions. Obviously these questions are targeting Tibetan students.

1. How do you view Dalai Lama in your mind?

2. Detailed address and work units of your parents;

3. Your ID number; and

4. Do you promise not to partake in any of parades, sit-ins or political activities.

All foreign journalists were forbidden from traveling to Lhasa, and were not allowed to go to Tibetan regions in Qinghai, Gansu or Sichuan provinces. Every thoroughfare to these regions has military police on guard to inspect passers-by and block traffic.

A foreign journalist rode on a bus for 15 hours trying to get into a Tibetan region, but he was not allowed to enter. Police forcibly sent him to Lanzhou Airport and put him on the flight back to Beijing. The excuse they gave was « Tibetan regions are unsafe. » This journalist replied cynically: « Did you mean here is worse than Iraq in terms of safety? »

Elementary schools in Xining City required all Tibetan students to register, providing their names, home addresses and details about their families. Those students whose residence ID was not in Xining City were required to bring in their residence ID for inspection.

March 19, 2008

The Chinese police continued to arrest people in Lhasa although the number arrested is unknown. So far 160 people have turned themselves in.

For nine days, Drepung Monastery, Sera Monastery and Ganden Monastery had been under police siege. Because the local authorities ordered the shut down of the water supply and closed restaurants in the neighborhood, the monks in the three monasteries are in a terrible situation.

Tibet TV station’s arts channel and the Lhasa TV station broadcast in both Mandarin and Tibetan the arrest warrants numbers 1, 2, and 3 issued by the Lhasa City Public Security Bureau (PSB). They are looking for 21 Tibetan suspects. Among the 21 Tibetans were two monks and one woman. Their photos were enlarged from videos. It is alleged that over 1,000 Tibetans have been arrested. Three Tibetans killed themselves by jumping off a building to avoid arrest by the police. The military police severely beat up all arrested Tibetans, with metal clubs.

Tibetans among the onlookers either showed looks of sympathy or turned away. But many Han people cheered and commented, « They deserve it. » The streets of Lhasa are crawling with soldiers checking Tibetan pedestrians’ ID or proof of residence. But most Tibetans stayed home, leaving the streets to the Han people. Hong Kong‘s Pheonix TV claimed that the people in Lhasa have returned to their normal lives, but all those interviewed were of Han ethnicity.

The People’s Procurator in Lhasa has approved the arrest of 24 Tibetans. This list includes the 12 Tibetans who have rewards on their heads. One of these Tibetans has been arrested.

According to sources in Qinghai Province, many local villages are under the siege by the army and military police, who put the area on a high surveillance level. The army was allegedly dispatched from Lanzhou.

Tibetan students at the Qinghai Nationalities Institute have started a petition and organized a silent sit-in protest within the school.

The seat of Maqu County and many townships and towns in Anduo (Gan’nang Tibetan Antonymous Prefecture in Gansu Province) are surrounded by military vehicles. Several Tibetans have been arrested.

Over 500 Tibetans protested in front of Seda County in Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture. Several protesters have been arrested.

Forty Tibetans in Charima Township, Hongyuan County in Aba Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture began a protest, during which they lowered the township government’s flag and China‘s national flag. The flag of Tibet replaced the banner of a police state.

March 20, 2008

Under the leadership of over 100 monks in Zeku County in the Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, thousands of people began a large-scale peaceful protest. They repeatedly shouted, « Have a dialogue with the Dalai Lama. Allow a high-level of autonomous rule. » The protesters raised photos of the Dalai Lama, the 11th Panchen and the 17th Karma Rinpoche. The local police and military police have put the area under a high level of surveillance, but have not taken any additional action.

Hongyan Village in Ping’an County, Qinghai Province is the birthplace of the 14th Dalai Lama. It is now off-limits for Tibetans and reporters. The local police have set up road barriers.

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Black dots represent protests; red stars represent crackdowns on the Tibetan protesters. (Woeser’s Blog)

March 21, 2008

Lhasa appeared to be peaceful. However, each government department, working unit, company, and residence neighborhood office is holding meetings to transmit the speeches by regime leaders, asking all carders, employees, and residents to openly condemn « the crimes of the Dalai Lama clique » and fight with the « splittists. » Everyone has to show support in order to pass the test.

Each Tibetan official and those working in the local committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and Buddhism Association have to show up on TV to vocally attack Dalai Lama for the sake of his personal safety. Even primary school pupils have to critique the Dalai on TV.

8:00 a.m., the Tibetan students in the Tibetan Language Department of Qinghai College for Nationalities held a sit-in at the east campus.

CCTV’s documentary titled « Beating, robbing, and arson in Lhasa » was repeatedly broadcast, which affected the Chinese people greatly and deepened the gap between Chinese and Tibetans.

Tibet TV station’s arts channel and Lhasa TV station broadcast in both Mandarin and Tibetan arrest warrant no. 5 issued by the Lhasa City Public Security Bureau (PSB), looking for 29 Tibetan suspects. Among the 29 Tibetans were two monks (one has been arrested) and two women. China‘s major web sites published the photos of 19 Tibetan suspects, as well as phone numbers to report sightings. From the Xinhua report, there were 183 people who turned themselves in to the police. Also, the death toll reached 19.

The military forces in Lhasa have started to set up tents.

A person living in Dalian, Liaoning Province posted a message to Free China, saying, « There are about 300 Tibetan students in Dalian. Right now, they are holding a sit-in. What surprised me is that Tibetan demonstrations have taken place in Dalian, thousands of miles from Lhasa. It shows that this massacre has further unified the Tibetans. I am here to strongly condemn the crimes the CCP has committed against Tibet… »

March 22, 2008

Several hundred monks and civilians in Guinan County in Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province held peaceful demonstration in the county seat.

Three hundred Tibetans in Jianzha County held a peaceful demonstration in the county seat. They shouted slogans « Long Live the Dalai Lama » and « Allow the Dalai Lama to return home. » The parade started at 9:00 a.m. and no conflict occurred with local police.

Civilians in the Zeku County held a peaceful demonstration at 12:00 noon. In the beginning, there were about 20 people. Later, it grew to several hundred. They held photos of the Dalai Lama, Qoigyijabu (the tenth Panchen Lama), and the 17th Karmapa. Their slogans were « Long Live the Dalai Lama » and « Return Freedom to Tibetans. » Three or four military vehicles arrived and over 20 Tibetans were arrested.

Civilians in the Xibo Village and Gongxiu Village hoisted Tiben flags while protesting on March 20 at local elementary schools. The situation in these two villages is now unknown.

Twenty-nine famous Chinese intellectuals published an open letter with 12 suggestions about how to handle the situation in Tibet.

Tibet TV station’s arts channel and Lhasa TV station broadcast in both Mandarin and Tibetan arrest warrant no. 6 issued by the Lhasa City Public Security Bureau (PSB), looking for 38 Tibetan suspects, including four women. From the announcement of the No. 1 arrest warrant on March 19, there are 9.5 people subpoenaed per day.

The CCP has utilized the TV and radio to create panic. The jails in Lhasa are jammed with the arrested. Some newly arrested have been sent to jails in the adjacent counties. Yesterday, the first batch of bystanders who were arrested was released. Chinese media claimed they were « partially involved in the 3-13 riot ».

March 23, 2008

The China Mobile Tibet branch sent out a text message to all customers: « The Public Security Bureau seriously announces that all those who participated in the 3-14 riot must immediately give themselves up to us, in order to get a chance to be treated with leniency. We hope all citizens provide information to us. The number to report: 0891-6324422 or 110. »

The text message from the Gannan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province: « Recent incidents that took place were plotted and instigated by Tibet Independents. The central government, as well as offices of provincial and prefecture are also determined to firmly crack down and punish those activities. » Tibet TV station’s arts channel and Lhasa TV station broadcast in both Mandarin and Tibetan the arrest warrant no. 7 issued by Lhasa City Public Security Bureau (PSB), looking for 45 Tibetan suspects. There is one monk and six women listed on the warrant.

March 24, 2008

Lhasa is still crawling with military police, which continue to check Tibetans at checkpoints in Tibetan communities in Lhasa and other areas. The troops sent from Shanxi Province have allegedly been hostile to Tibetans and beat them up at will during street patrols and checkpoints in Anduo, a city located in Gannan, Gansu Province.

On March 23, soldiers stopped four Tibetan students from Hezuo Driving School on the streets and ordered them to squat. The students were subjected to a round of violent beatings because they were slow to obey the order. Similar stories like this have fueled the rage of local Tibetan residents.

The Chinese people have apparently been affected by the Chinese authorities’ fierce propaganda to fuel the ethnic conflict and instigate hatred towards the Tibetan people. There are reported incidents in Xining City, Qinghai Province where taxi drivers refused Tibetan passengers.

In Anduo, such signs as « Organize appreciative and patriotic activities; strengthen the Party’s administrative foundation » started to appear on the streets, which accuse the Tibetan people of being ungrateful to the Chinese Communist Party.

A report from the Xinhua News website on March 23 says, « Our reporters have learned from the local government of the Tibetan Autonomic Prefecture in Gannan, Gansu Province, that 105 divisions at the city and county levels under the direct administration of Gannan prefecture, 27 towns and townships, 113 organizations affiliated with the 27 towns and townships and 22 village committees have been affected. The affected cities and counties include Maqu, Xiahe, Luqu, Zhuoni and Hezuo. » The report confirmed that the protest areas had greatly exceeded China‘s official reports and knowledge of the outside world in terms of both scale and scope.

Tibet‘s Public Security Bureau issued arrest warrant No.8 and publicized it in both Tibetan and Mandarin on Tibet TV Station’s arts channel and on Lhasa TV Station. The arrest warrant was issued for 8 suspects in the Lhasa protests while 53 Tibetans are wanted so far.

The 52nd suspect on the list is the man with a knife against the backdrop of the flaming flag on the famous photo. A tourist from Thailand has identified the man to be a policeman disguised as Tibetan. Questions have been raised as to why the disguised policeman was not wanted by the police until now. The irony is that the mayor of Lhasa promised on TV that « the foremost task is to reveal the truth. »

According to our sources, around 4:30 p.m., today, a crowd of over 200 nuns, over 200 monks and 800 farmers in Luhuo County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province started a peaceful march, during which they chanted « Long live the Dalai Lama » and « Tibet belongs to Tibetans. » But the march ended with deadly shootings by the armed police sent by the local authorities, leaving two men dead and more than ten severely wounded. The two confirmed deaths were a man named Chong Weng Deng Zhu and a monk. There are four precincts in Luhuo County. Presently the police have cordoned off three out of the four precincts. No telephone call can go through at this moment.

March 25, 2008

It is alleged that more than 100 Tibetans in Anduo and Heka Townships in Hai County started a peaceful march this morning. The marchers chanted « Long Live the Dalai Lama » and « Freedom for Tibet. » After the local police stopped the march, the crowd had a sit-in silent protest on the streets of Heka Township as a vigil for their fellow Tibetans killed in Lhasa and other Tibetan cities. Presently the police have cordoned off the protesting crowd.

Regarding the police’s violent suppression of the march in Luhuo County yesterday, China‘s official Xinhua News publicized a different version of the story: « Armed policemen were on duty in Ganzi prefecture, Sichuan Province, when they were attacked by outlaws. An armed policeman died and multiple policemen sustained injuries. The attack took place yesterday afternoon when outlaws beat an armed policeman to death with sharp knives and rocks. During the attack, the police were forced to fire their guns in the air to disperse the outlaws. »

But in fact the armed police shot two Tibetans to death and wounded many more. The area is now under martial law, while the local authorities are conducting massive arrests.

According to an eyewitness in Lhasa, a monk named Tuomei at Ramoche committed a suicide by hanging himself. The monk, about 30 years old, is from Jiangzi, Tibet. Before he died, he expressed that it was unbearable to see the monasteries shut down by the Chinese authorities.

China‘s troops threw teargas into Tibetan monasteries and interrogated and abused the monks.

At around 9 p.m. last night, a hacker changed my blog, making it impossible for me to log in. I have rectified the problem at noon today. I could log into my blog, but all the photographs in my articles had disappeared and I was unable to send attachments. After 3:30 p.m., everything went back to normal.

[Note 1: According an Internet friend, there have been protests in Maerkang County, Sichuan Province; Charima Township, Hongyuan County, Sichuan Province; Lajia Township, Mentang Township, Baiyu Township, Wasai Township and Rima Township in Qinghai Province; Oula Township, Bola Township and Amuquhu Township in Maqu County, Gansu Province; and Pawu Township, Keguo Township and Niduo Township in Seda County, Sichuan Province. ]

Note 2: An urgent request from another Internet friend: It is extremely urgent to rescue the Tibetans in Seda, Tibet! This is the latest news from Keguo Township, Seda County, Ganzi Prefecture, Sichuan Province: Between 4 and 5 p.m., March 20, the local Tibetans faced cruel suppression by over 5,000 armed police for saving the Tibetan flag! So far over 20 Tibetans have been confirmed dead. The shootings were caused by the armed police declaring to the local Tibetan people that the Chinese Central government had given them an order to shoot any protestors.

When the police attempted to remove the Tibetan flag, Tibetans tried to stop the police in a peaceful manner, but the police started shooting right away! Please help Tibet! On 11 a.m., March 21, Niduo Township, Seda County will face an even crueler massacre. Please help Niduo Township! Please pass the news to every government and human rights organizations! Please find it in your heart of compassion to save the people in Tibet!]

Traduction google 

L’article en Chinois

全藏地(安多、卫藏、康)发生的抗议行动,
图中的黑点是发生抗议事件的地点。

西藏各地2008年3月10日之后大事记

作者:维色博客 3月10日

拉萨哲蚌寺500名僧人和平请愿,被当局军警殴打、使用催泪弹等,有数十名僧人被抓;并且将寺院围困至今,停止供水、关闭周边饭馆,使得寺院僧众生活陷入困境。

大昭寺前有14名色拉寺僧人举西藏国旗抗议,被当局警察殴打、逮捕,许多藏人目睹惨景,哀求警察住手,但有3位藏人为此也被逮捕。

安多(青海省海东藏族自治州)华隆县德查寺僧众举行和平游行,被当局军警驱散。

安多(青海省海南藏族自治州)贵南县鲁仓寺僧众举行和平游行,被当局军警驱散。
3月11日

拉萨色拉寺600僧人和平请愿,被当局军警殴打、使用催泪弹等,有僧人被抓;并且将寺院围困至今,停止供水、关闭周边饭馆,使得寺院僧众生活陷入困境。色拉寺周边许多民众赶至寺院,哀求武警勿要虐待僧众。
3月12日

拉萨哲蚌寺两位僧人割腕,色拉寺僧人绝食抗议。

拉 萨多数单位召开了关于3·10和3·11事件的紧急通报会,各单位负责人在会上向各自下属的干部职工或分支机构简单通报了最近的事件。一些负责人简要介绍 了“哲蚌寺数百名僧人集体前往拉萨,在拉萨海关附近被武警阻拦”、“色拉寺数百名僧人拟前往拉萨进行示威”等情况,一些负责人说“其他地区的寺院也发生了 若干规模不同的事件,但主要还是集中在拉萨地区”,另有官员透露“武警与闹事者发生了肢体冲突”等等。很多单位在介绍事态发展状况时,强调干部职工及家属 禁止前往事发敏感地段,并强调“不准乱说话、乱猜忌”,一些单位负责人则在强调事态严重性时使用了“这是对西藏长期稳定局面的严峻挑战”、“以上事件有扩 大化倾向”等措辞。
3月13日

拉萨甘丹寺数百僧人、曲桑寺150多尼众欲赴拉萨市和平请愿,被当局军警围困至今。拉萨著名的三大寺等寺院被当局关闭。
3月14日

上 午,拉萨小昭寺近百僧人游行抗议连日来对哲蚌、色拉等寺院的镇压,被当局警察阻拦和殴打,引发藏人民众愤怒,随后爆发数万民众的大规模抗议,有过激事件发 生,当局大量军队入城镇压,拉萨到处都是军车、装甲车,使用催泪弹,开枪,并被封锁局部地段,如嘎玛贡桑居民区等拉萨老城一带,实施杀戮和抓捕。当晚宵 禁。这是自1989年以来最大规模的藏人抗议活动。中共官方称13人死亡,西藏流亡政府称,接到消息,达100名藏人被打死。有消息称,14日起,当局取 消了开枪禁令,军警可以对抗议人群开枪。

安多拉卜楞大寺所在地——甘肃省甘南藏族自治州夏河县,拉卜楞寺在提前举行一年一度的“多久”佛事 后,中午2点时,近400多名僧俗群众举多面西藏国旗,沿人民街高喊“西藏独立”、“达赖喇嘛万岁”、“还我宗教自由”等口号,到县委、县政府及公安局门 前和平游行,直到晚上被当局军警武力驱散。
3月15日

拉萨被当局调来的正规军队控制,展开全面搜捕行动,有消息称至少有600人被抓。全城戒严,并继续宵禁,层层军警戒备森严。当局在政府网站发布“公告”,警告抗议者“限期自首”,并称3月17日(周一)24时为最后期限。

在拉萨周边的一些县,如达孜、曲水、林周、墨竹工卡等地也有游行和抗议发生。

安多拉卜楞大寺所在地——甘肃省甘南藏族自治州夏河县,僧俗民众上街举行大规模游行抗议,与当地公安和武警发生激烈冲突,随后当局调来拖着大炮的军车和装甲车,向抗议民众开枪,打死打伤多人,抓捕近20人。

当晚,安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州州府)合作的主要寺院合作寺僧众游行,被当局军警围困。合作市东一路一带民众游行抗议也被当局军警威逼驱散。合作市民族师专藏族学生举行和平抗议,与学校党委发生冲突。

安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)碌曲县郎木寺也发生大规模的游行示威,被当局军警驱散、围困。

康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)道孚县数百僧俗举行游行及散发传单,被当局军警驱散。
3月16日

拉 萨城内的一些区域还在发生抗议,当局军队镇压抓捕,有消息称至少有300人被抓。全城戒严。中午,在拉萨市内的主要道路和环绕城市的二环路,被抓捕的40 多名藏人由军车载着被游街示众。两辆警车开道,在两辆军车上,40多个年轻的藏人男女,被捆绑双手,压着头,每人背后都有持枪的军人押守。

拉萨附近达孜县有30-40人被逮捕;墨竹工卡县僧人举行和平抗议游行,遭到当局军警镇压,部份僧人遭到逮捕,部份僧人现已躲避他乡。

山南桑耶寺一带、那曲地区所在地那曲镇也有游行和抗议活动。

班禅喇嘛的主寺——位于日喀则的扎甚伦布寺也有抗议活动。日喀则地区的一些地方也有僧人和民众的抗议活动。

上 午,安多(四川省阿坝藏族自治州)阿坝县僧侣和民众举行游行和抗议,被当局军警镇压,开枪打死的人据说超过30,有僧人、学生和牧民,其中有一位孕妇、一 个五岁的孩子,还有藏文中学初二一班的一个叫 lhundup tso的女孩。凌晨4点,当地藏人知识份子觉勒达瓦(学校老师,2006年当地焚烧皮毛的组织者之一)等被抓走,目前不知下落。军警包围县城。目前,有 18个尸体已送到格德寺念经天葬,其他尸体送到其他教派的寺院,还有很多人失踪。

安多(阿坝藏族自治州)红原县有数百名军人增派进驻。

安多(阿坝藏族自治州)朗木寺抗议事件中军警开枪, 死伤不详。

下午,安多(青海省海南藏族自治州共和县)(藏语恰卜恰)的僧侣和民众举行游行和抗议,被当局军警驱散。

下午,安多(青海省黄南藏族自治州同仁县)(藏语热贡)的安多大寺隆务寺内有300多僧俗举行抗议活动,被数千武警包围,有十多辆军车、装甲车在街上巡逻。

青海省果洛藏族自治州玛卿县拉加寺举行了和平抗议游行。

下午,康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)炉霍县各寺院准备游行抗议,当地派干部到各寺院劝阻和威胁,当局增派军警抵达该地。

下 午,安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)玛曲县发生了规模空前的抗议活动,玛曲县藏文中学和藏文小学的学生及当地寺院僧众的带头下,玛曲县上千名民众走上街头, 许多外族商铺被砸毁,16辆汽车被烧毁,大部份乡镇部门陆续被砸,当局军警开枪,有多人死伤和被捕,确切数字不详。从17日晚上开始,政府采取戒严行动, 下令各单位24小时值班,没有通知,不得离岗。

安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)碌曲县也有抗议事件发生。州府合作市发生抗议事件,有回族店铺被焚烧。甘南卓尼寺、恰盖寺等多个寺院也有抗议活动,尚未有冲突事件发生。

当 晚,在甘肃省会兰州,西北民族大学藏语系500余名藏人学生在操场静坐,并在校园张贴介绍拉萨情况的传单,表达与拉萨等藏地的藏人有难同当的愿望。静坐从 下午4点开始,藏语系多识教授、该校院长以及藏人教师前后劝说学生放弃静坐,但学生们仍然通宵静坐到17日晚,之后还有7位学生坚持静坐。

目前,成都西南民族大学也有大量军警巡逻监视,担心藏人学生有行动。成都武侯祠被戒严,藏人区被警察严加看守。

甘南合作师专、青海师专以及四川省甘孜州、阿坝州的一些藏人学校也有抗议行动。
3月17日

拉萨被军队包围的区域开始实施挨家挨户的大搜捕,抓捕人数尚不知道。拉萨各路口都是军人检查过往行人,没有身份证的不能证明其身份的藏人一概被抓。

拉萨堆龙德庆县德庆村丁果寺有12名僧人在当天的抗议游行中被捕,其中获得的名字有:嘎玛达瓦、格桑巴珠、阿旺英尼、阿旺塔曲和晋美。

拉萨当雄县康玛寺的8名增人也被逮捕。

上午,安多(四川省阿坝藏族自治州)阿坝县马迷寺的女尼,手拿达赖喇嘛像片,呼喊“和平”的口号游行。

上午,安多(青海省海南藏族自治州共和县)(藏语恰卜恰)的寺院举行抗议活动。

上 午,安多(青海省黄南藏族自治州同仁县)(藏语热贡)隆务寺全体僧人在隆务寺西山口煨桑,齐颂达赖喇嘛祝祷词,前来阻挠的军警被轰走。煨完桑全体僧众要进 入市区游行,被民众们哭着劝阻回去了,当时军警处于高度戒备状态。最后僧众通过该寺夏日仓活佛向政府提出几点要求:军警不能围绕寺院巡逻;撤掉所有寺内安 设的摄像头;不可无理禁止煨桑等佛事活动等,政府都表示同意。然而下午,当地官员组织工作组去藏人家里,威逼藏人在保证书上签名,保证不去游行抗议等,并 于18日,加派西宁的特警部队到达当地。

上午,安多(甘肃省甘南州府合作市)合作卫校的藏人学生在城里游行。合作师专藏人学生和当地中学藏人学生试图游行被学校阻拦。当地有四个乡的藏人举行规游行抗议活动。

上午,安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)碌曲县近五百名僧俗民众举行了和平抗议游行。

安多(青海省海南藏族自治州)贵南县塔秀寺僧众举行和平游行,在去前往县城中途被警察拦截,重新赶回寺院。

下午六时,安多(青海省果洛藏族自治州)久治县大龙寺举行和平抗议游行,参加者约有千人,并把所在地方的中国国旗降下,升了雪山狮子旗。

安多(青海省果洛藏族自治州)久治县隆盖寺约二百多僧人举行和平抗议游行。之前,该寺的僧人首次在西藏首都拉萨帕廓举行和平抗议游行,那些僧人被逮捕。

安多(甘肃省果洛藏族自治州)久治县发生数百牧民的抗议活动,有商铺和警车被砸,经当地寺院的一些喇嘛劝说后停止,当局连夜派驻军警到久治县,并实施宵禁。

下午七时,安多(青海省果洛藏族自治州)久治县门塘乡近三百人举行了和平抗议游行,并升了雪山狮子旗。

安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)卓尼县民众举行反抗活动,卓尼藏族中学的学生砸了商店和饭馆的玻璃,后被当局军警驱散,随后有40多辆武警车调入卓尼严加防范,通往州府的交通被封。

安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)迭部县也出现了抗暴游行。

中 国少数民族教育的最高学府、北京中央民族大学100多名藏人学生在校园内静坐抗议数小时,使声援藏人的示威首度延烧到中国首都北京。目击者说,静坐学生点 燃起蜡烛,不发一言,默默流泪,学校老师在劝学生。公安也在现场,校外是警车,虽未爆发冲突,但公安已展开搜捕主谋者的行动。静坐从19时至23点半。又 据消息称,其实静坐者达300余人,包括本科生和研究生。

位于四川省成都市的西南民族大学的藏人学生在校内游行静坐。

安多(四川省阿坝藏族自治州)红原县发生藏人的抗议活动,当地藏族中学的学生走出校门游行,被警察和老师阻拦,几个领头学生被逮捕,学生们静坐后得以释放。有一名学生的脚中弹,一名学生被刺刀给刺伤,现在医院治疗。

康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)色达县藏人举行抗议游行。
3月18日

拉 萨仍在进一步的大抓捕,抓捕人数尚不知道。街上主要路口都有军人把守,检查过往行人的身份证,尤其提防和检查穿藏装的藏人。许多军人闯入拉萨许多居民点抓 人,用棍棒殴打被抓者,用催泪弹驱散围观者。仅在雪新村,下午4-4点半,半个小时之内从居民点抓走3个人,其中一个人约50多岁,穿着体面,很像干部, 他被捆绑和殴打,但是头抬得高高的,毫不畏惧;另外两个人是年轻人,看上去是拉萨人。

上午10点半,青海师范大学民族师范学院近200名藏族学生在校园操场静坐,口号是“哀悼”,有许多老师前来劝解,2点半结束。

上午,安多(青海省果洛藏族自治州)大塘寺开始和平抗议游行,后来参加游行的有学生、民众等数千人。他们决定坚持非暴力和平游行。

安多(青海省果洛藏族自治州)果洛地区包括扎曲卡爆发大规模民众抗议,很多乡镇降下中国国旗,升上佛教的旗帜,并受到军警压制,双方发生严重冲突,有藏人被射杀,伤亡数字不清,大多数都是普通民众。

下午,在安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)合作市,据观察者称,有上百辆军队大卡车开入城里。甘南州府合作的师专、藏中、藏小等已经将学生全都放假遣散回家,开课日期待定。

安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)玛曲县各学校学生被禁在学校中,并且发出通告强制要求藏人干部上街维持治安,不听从者将得到惩罚。

下午4点半左右,在康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)理塘县有300多藏人游行抗议,已有人被抓捕。

康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)甘孜县僧俗民众游行,炉霍县农牧民也赶往甘孜参加游行,据有关报导,有最少一名带头者被当局军警射杀,另外九人中弹,目前生死未名。同时炉霍部份地区散发了大量相关传单。

当晚,康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)色达县数千僧人和民众游行抗议,被当局军警驱散。

当晚,安多(青海省黄南藏族自治州)尖扎县民族中学(唯一的藏文中学),每个教室都贴有“自由西藏”、“达赖喇嘛万岁”的纸条,中国国旗被取下,升起了雪山狮子旗。但是尖扎县城布满军警,每个寺院的喇嘛都不能离开寺院。

北京的大学要求少数民族学生(其实是冲着藏人学生)填表回答以下问题:1、达赖喇嘛在你心目中的地位;2、父母的详细地址或工作单位;3、学生自己的身份证号码;4、保证不参加任何游行、静坐或政治活动。

所 有的外国记者不但禁止去拉萨,在青海、甘肃、四川等地也禁止去各藏人聚居区,各条道路上都有军警在检查和阻拦。有一位外国记者当天坐车15小时,但不能进 入任何一个藏人聚居区,最后被警察强令去兰州机场返回北京,理由是“藏区不安全”,记者嘲笑说“难道这里比伊拉克还不安全?”

西宁各小学对所有的藏人学生进行登记,要求填写名字、地址和家庭情况,户口不在西宁的要求把所在地的户口带来。
3月19日

拉萨仍在抓捕,抓捕人数尚不知道。据新华社报导,已有160人投案自首。

长达7-9天,拉萨的哲蚌寺、色拉寺、甘丹寺仍被当局关闭,在军警的围困之中,由于被停止供水、关闭周边饭馆,使得寺院僧众生活陷入极大困境。呼吁外界关注三大寺僧侣的危急情况。

西 藏电视台文艺频道和拉萨电视台用藏汉语播放拉萨市公安局发的1号、2号、3号通缉令,有21名藏人被通缉,其中有2个僧人,1个女性,都是从录像上截取后 放大的照片。据说拉萨被逮捕的藏人已达上千,有3个藏人拒捕,跳楼自杀。凡被捕藏人都被军警用铁棒、铁棍严酷殴打。围观者中的藏人都表示同情,不忍目睹; 但许多汉人都为之欢呼,连说“活该”。满街军人严查藏人身份证或户口,藏人基本闭门不出,走在街上的基本是汉人。香港凤凰电视台的节目上吹嘘拉萨已经恢复 正常生活,但是采访的几位所谓“拉萨市民”全是汉人,仿佛拉萨已是汉人的城市。

拉萨人民检察院批准24个藏人被正式逮捕。不包括12个被通缉的藏人,但12个被通缉的藏人中已有1个被抓捕,不在24人之列。

据青海藏地的消息,许多地方村村都被军人和武警包围,戒备森严,据说是兰州军区调去的部队。

青海民族学院的藏人学生自愿签名,在校内游行静坐。

安多(甘肃省甘南藏族自治州)玛曲县城及各乡镇被军车包围,开始抓捕行动,有多名藏人被抓。

康(四川省甘孜藏族自治州)色达县有500多藏人在县政府前抗议,有多名藏人被抓。

安多(四川省阿坝藏族自治州)红原县查日马乡的40名藏人展开抗议,降下乡政府和学校的中国国旗,悬挂“哈达”来代替雪山狮子旗。

3月20日

安 多(青海省黄南藏族自治州)泽库县在索纳寺上百名僧侣的带头下,数千民众在县城展开大规模和平抗议活动,呼喊口号:“与至尊达赖喇嘛展开对话;允许西藏高 度自治”,高举达赖喇嘛、11世班禅喇嘛、17世噶玛巴仁波切的照片。当地公安和武警在现场秘密监视外,没有采取进一步措施。

安多(青海省平安县)红岩村是14世达赖喇嘛的出生地(藏语Taktser),已被当局警察所设的路障封锁,禁止藏人和记者前往。
* * *

【另: 据网友说,在安多(四川省阿坝州)马尔康县,安多(四川省阿坝州)红原县查日玛乡,安多(青海省果洛州)的拉加乡、军功工门堂乡、白玉乡、哇赛乡,久治县 索日麻乡,安多(甘肃省甘南州)玛曲县的欧拉乡、桑科(夏河)的博拉乡、安木乔乡,康(四川省甘孜州)色达县的帕吴乡和克格乡等地,也有抗议活动发生。】

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3/21/2008 2:39:49 AM

本文网址: http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/8/3/21/n2052872.htm

~ par Alain Bertho sur 29 mars 2008.

 
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